Explosive youth: Political protests in Conakry and Kampala
The magnitude of recent youth‐led movements and upheavals in urban Africa begs inquiry into common patterns across cities. This doctoral research compares Conakry (Guinea) and Kampala (Uganda) to develop a theory why certain categories of youth engage in protests more than others, and why protests tend to be concentrated in specific urban areas.
Across the world, youth seem to translate their socio‐economic precariousness into political instability. Numerous sub‐Saharan African cities have recently become the sites of political riots, demonstrations, upheavals and other forms of political contestation. Despite their diversity, they also exhibit numerous similarities. The instrumentalization of the urban youth’s rage by political actors, for example, is as widespread as the concentration of protests in areas with a specific socio‐political history (rather than a particular socio‐economic make‐up). In Conakry, for instance, youth gangs have staged protests on a regular basis in an area that has been the contested centre of ethnic‐political conflicts over urban landownership. In Kampala, youth collectives have organized and incited recent opposition protests at a downtown market for car spare parts.
Since most youth in African cities remain outside of political processes, the question is: who are the ones who force their way into contentious politics? Contrary to the prevalent analyses of national demographics and poverty, I argue that the central factors for young people to engage in overt political contestation are far more nuanced. They concern historical developments of specific youth groups and categories in the city, their neighbourhood context with its particular history, and the political networks that they are entangled in. The comparative method, applied to different cities as well as different neighbourhoods, enables a systematic analysis of these aspects.
Sub‐Saharan Africa is the world’s fastest‐urbanizing region, and the only one where the percentage of youth continues to rise drastically. To sharpen our understanding and possibilities of addressing urban youth and conflicts, the details of contestation need to be analysed, with an emphasis on the fact that protests are not only an outcome of a specific combination of variables, but inherently political, i.e. shaped by history and agency.
Supervisor: Elisio Macamo
Co-Supervisor: Mahmood Mamdani (Columbia U)
Joschka Philipps is a postdoctoral student at the Centre for African Studies Basel. His PhD (in sociology, 2016) focused on urban youth and political protest in Conakry (Guinea), Kampala (Uganda), and to a lesser degree on the 2011 riots in England. Joschka has worked with comparative approaches, relational sociology, postcolonial theory, and has recently developed a so-called crystallization approach to urbanity and protests, based on the works of Gilbert Simondon (1924-1989). He is the author of the book “Ambivalent Rage. Youth Gangs and Political Protest in Conakry, Guinea” (Editions L’Harmattan, 2013), and several peer-reviewed journal articles. His current research in Guinea-Conakry inquires into transnational politics and conspiracy theories.
Joschka Philipps ist Postdoktorand am Zentrum für Afrikastudien Basel. Seine Doktorarbeit in Soziologie (2016) befasste sich mit der Beziehung zwischen urbaner Jugend und politischen Protesten in Conakry (Guinea), Kampala (Uganda), und in geringerem Maße mit den Unruhen in England 2011. Joschka arbeitet mit komparativen und postkolonialen Ansätzen, sowie mit relationaler Soziologie und Gilbert Simondons (1924-1989) Theorie der Individuation. Sein Buch „Ambivalent Rage. Youth Gangs and Political Protest in Conakry, Guinea” ist 2013 bei Editions L’Harmattan erschienen. Joschkas derzeitige Forschung beschäftigt sich mit transnationaler Politik in Guinea-Conakry und diesbezüglichen Verschwörungstheorien.
Memberships: Centre for African Studies